Diabetes Specialist

Josette C. Palmer, MD, MPH, FAAFP -  - Family Medicine Physician

Happy Healthy You Family Medicine

Josette C. Palmer, MD, MPH, FAAFP

Family Medicine Physician located in Glassboro, NJ

Diabetes is a lifelong illness that requires medical treatment. In fact, high blood sugar -- the trademark of diabetes -- may lead to fatal outcomes if left untreated. Luckily, there are many treatment options for living with diabetes. At Happy Healthy You Family Medicine in Glassboro, New Jersey, Dr. Palmer and her team work with you to discover the right Diabetes treatment plan. They educate you on beneficial lifestyle adjustments to help maintain healthy blood sugar levels such as adopting a healthy diet and adding daily exercise into your routine.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes describes a group of diseases, including Type I, Type II, and Gestational Diabetes, affecting 23.6 million people in the United States. The disease causes problems with your body's ability to take sugar from food and turn it into energy.

Diabetes involves the hormone insulin, which transports sugar into your body’s cells, which use it for energy. In diabetes, either insulin has lost its capacity to carry glucose into your cells or your pancreas doesn't produce it properly.

If glucose can't enter your cells, it builds up in the blood, causing high blood sugar while your cells starve. This can leave you feeling very tired. Without treatment, high blood sugar can cause serious health problems with your heart, eyes, kidneys, nerves, bones, and teeth.

What's the difference between Type I and Type II Diabetes?

Type I diabetes is also called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes because it's more likely to be diagnosed in youth. However, type I diabetes can happen at any age. In this type, the body doesn't make any insulin.

Type II diabetes is the more common type, making up 90-95% of all diabetes cases, and it often affects older people. In type II diabetes, your body may still be producing insulin, but with less capacity to transport glucose to your cells.

Sometimes a condition called prediabetes develops before type II diabetes. Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than usual but not high enough to meet a diagnosis of diabetes.

If you have prediabetes, you may be able to prevent type II diabetes with lifestyle changes including diet and exercise.

How do you know if you have diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Feeling extremely hungry and thirsty even if you're eating and drinking normally
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Constant fatigue and drowsiness
  • Tingling sensation in your hands or feet
  • Blurry vision
  • Wounds, bruises, and sores taking longer to heal than usual
  • Dry, itchy skin

Who is at risk of diabetes?

Obesity is the most significant risk factor for type II diabetes. Diagnosis of prediabetes also dramatically increases your risk.

Genetics may influence type I diabetes, so it's important to tell your doctor if you have a family history of diabetes.

How do you treat diabetes?

Diabetes is a lifelong illness, but with proper treatment, you can go back to living a normal, healthy life.

At Happy Healthy You Family Medicine, Dr. Palmer and her team work with you to implement simple changes that can reduce the effects of diabetes. She helps you develop a healthy, balanced diet and include regular exercise in your daily routine which may help you feel more energetic overall. You might also require insulin shots.

If you have any of these symptoms or believe you may be at risk of diabetes or prediabetes, call or click today to schedule a consultation!